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Process of parliament formation in Great Britain

The Contents:

1. Process of parliament formation in Great Britain 3

2. The role and the importance of House of Lords in the work of the English Parliament in New time. 7

3. Modern English Parliament and the membership in House of Lords 9

4. Power of the English Parliament and House of Lords 12

4.1 Power of the Parliament of Great Britain 12

4.2 Power of House of Lords 14

5. Order of the Great Britain parliament and its chambers activity 16

5.1 Order of House of Lords activity 17

5.2 Feature of the financial laws acceptance 20

Bibliography 23

1. Process of parliament formation in Great Britain

During the limited monarchy in England there was an establishment, which was an integral and in due course more and more significant part of the state organization of the country - the representative par-liament. By it's occurrence it was obliged to estab-lished in XIII-XIV centuries the political forms of mutual relation of estates of England with royal au-thority, and to the features of the situation in con-ditions of crisis of authority of second half of XIII century. Considerable importance in this long process have played also the traditions of attraction by the crown superior aristocracy to the decision of state businesses ascending to feudal monarchy.

The historical beginning of the class representa-tion were the assemblies of the king’s vassals, which became an obligatory part of the state life from the middle of the XII century. In 1146 with participation of barons and bishops (as secular and spiritual vas-sals of the crown) were authorized Clarendon clauses. The consent of such assembly with the legislative of-fers of the kings henceforth began to be considered more than desirable. Such assembly convoked by the king began to play the role of superior court - court of peers (equals). In the second half of the XII cen-tury not only the superiore, but also average vassals took part in assemblies, ("the senior and smaller barons"). In Great charter of 1215 the duty of a crown to convoke in necessary cases and in the spe-cial order was specially stipulated. Further, basing on the Charter, the estates not only repeatedly re-quired from the crown its confirmation, but also car-ried out the political struggle for influence of this assembly on the distribution of royal posts.

In the second quarter of the XIII century the council of ma


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2. Бреус Е.В, Основы практики перевода с русского языка на английский – М.: УРАО, 2004

3. Институты конституционного права иностранных государств – М.: Городец-издат, 2002

4. Кунин Курс фразеологии современного англиского языка – М.: Высшая школа, 1996

5. Омельченко О.А. Всеобщая история государства и права – М.: Осторожье, 1998

Примечаний нет.


Дисциплина: История